Friday, March 1, 2019
Harvest of Empire by Juan Gonzalez
The book Harvest of Empire offers many examples of the factors lead-in to migration, which include economic and policy-making persecution. The book has a direct conjunctive between the hardships Latinos face economic tout ensembley and military in their situation countries. By reading this book it is cl proto(prenominal) positd that Latinos are on the door of becoming the largest minority group in America. Juan Gonzalez presents a devastating perspective on U. S. history rarely found in mainstream publishing aimed at a popular audience. Few of those countries were immigrants from Puerto Rico, Mexico, friar preacher Republic and Central Americans.Gonzales develops his thesis by asserting that Latin American immigration and Latino nominal head in the go bad together States are markedly unalike from European immigration history to this state of matter in at least three main ways Latino immigration is closely tied to the growth and inevitably of the U. S. empire race and language attitudes in this country take a crap had the erect of moving Latin Americans not from immigrant to mainstream status, but rather from an immigrant to a racial caste status and how Latin Americans have arrived when the United States is already the preponderating world power. Harvest of Empire mentions how since the 1820s Mexicans have migrated to the United States. Theyre the second largest immigrant nationality in our history. Meixco is the most populous Spanish speaking country in the world. Most of the countrys wealth flows outside of Mexico, gist the U. S. After the tragedy of World War II , the United States reached an conformity with Mexico to import Mexicans for a certain period of period and after their return was d unrivalled theyll go back to their country.This was the bracero program, which brought millions of immigrants into the United States only for seasonal give way and once they were supposed to leave, they managed to stay illegally in order for them to bear to their families. World War II also make Mexican Americans brisk in the U. S armed forces. Santos Molina and Manuel Garza were two Canales family member who served in combat, in the kindred army so many of their ancestors had fought against.Nearly all his men were killed or wounded that day, and while Molina survived unscathed, he was severely wounded by work gun fire juveniler in Germany. ( 103) Even after all this tragedy of nation being killed Mexican Americans returned home and still faced racial discrimination. Tejano, Texans of Spanish and Mexican descent, formed several organizations in the early 20th century to protect themselves from official and private discrimination, but made only subprogramial progress in addressing the worst forms of official heathenish discrimination.The movement to overturn the many forms of state-sponsored discrimination directed at Hispanic Americans was strongest in Texas during the first fifty years of the 20th century. It was unspoilt honorable after World War II that returning veterans joined the partnership of United Latin American citizens (LULAC) to end segregation. Their main goal was to have equal rights for Mexicans. According to the U. S Census, tejanos comprised 32. 4 percent of the workers in the state and take ined 33 percent of its wealth. (102) Between 1961 and 1986 more than 400,000 people legally immigrated to the United States from the friar preacher Republic. More than 300,000 Dominicans lived in New York metropolis by 1990, and the total was expected to reach 700,000 early in the millennium, make Dominican migration one of the largest to this country of the past forty years. (117) The causes of the Dominican immigration are various and have changed over time. the first operative immigration from the Dominican Republic to the United States was in large part the product of governmental and social instability at home.Those who opposed or had reason to fear the new regime in 1965 and those who were fleeing violence end-to-end the 1960s came to the United States in notable numbers. As time went on, however, and the political situation stabilized, Dominicans continued to emigrate, because of limited employment opportunities and poor economic conditions. done the 1930s, 40s and 50s, the Dominican Republic was ruled by the former oxen rustler and now dictator, Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina, better known in the United States as simply Trujillo. He surrounded himself with murderers who kept the public intimidated.The Dominicans who came at this time were usually more educated and more politically active. One 1980 find out revealed that 41 percent of New York Citys Dominican immigrants had unblemished ten years of high school or better, nearly in two ways the average of city dwellers in the Dominican Republic. (125)Once they arrived, they started making their own business like owning their own bodegas and supermarkets. Most Dominicans work in unorganised workpl aces for wages that most established Americans would refuse. Many Dominicans have encountered race parti pris in the United States also.The mixed Afro-Hispanic heritage of many Dominicans has led them to be categorized as black by white Americans, they have encountered the same racial prejudice that African Americans have experienced for centuries. Despite the accusations by their compatriots that they have been assimilated into American culture, Dominicans have tended to be seen by Americans as specially resistant to assimilation and committed to their country, culture, and language of origin. Dominicans also joined political parties and even manage to start their own organization.Most Dominicans that arrived in the 1960s began to settled themselves on the Upper West of Manhattan, Washington Heights. Dominican Americans are one of the newer national-cultural communities in the United States. They are still in process of creating a unique place for themselves here. Their relation ships to the United States and its culture and to the Dominican Republic and Dominican culture are still evolving. However, the Dominican American community go forth find its own ways of living in the United States, and pull up stakes make its own unique culture.Puerto Rico has been an unincorporated territory of the United States, theyre the onlyLatin Americans who once they arrived to the U. S theyre already U. S citizens, without the claim of a resident card. The massive migration of Puerto Ricans to the United States was largest in the early and late 20th century. Between the 1950s and the 1980s, large numbers of Puerto Ricans migrated to New York, in particular to the Bronx, and Spanish Harlem. Juan Gonzalez shares his story and the reason why his family and himself moved to the U.S and settled in El Barrio is due to the fact that jobs over there didnt abide sufficient money to provide for his big family. The 1930s were the most troubled in Puerto Ricos modern history , a nd Ponce, where my family had settled, was the center of the storm. The natural depression turned the island into a social inferno even more vicious than Haiti today. (84) Meaning that they were facing hard times. There was a haulage of violence and crime. By the 1960s, more than a million Puerto Ricans were living in the United States with jobs like washing dishes in hotels, restaurants, maintenance in flat tire buildings, factories or bodegas. 90) The Puerto Rican community became dominated during the 1980s by two different social classes, both highly dependent on government. Massive disinvestment by government in public schools and epidemics of drug and alcohol abuse, all bust up the quality of city life. (95) They also faced identity operator and language problems. Juan Gonzalez throughout the whole book has a combination of historical analysis that led to immigration and racial discrimination.He describes in details the experiences of on the job(p) class families from different countries like Cuba, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Central America and Dominicans and how they have advancement to assimilate their new lifestyle once they get to the United States. The causation gives out reasons of how immigrants really go through hardships in order to get to America and live The American Dream. Latinos dont just come here to get on government programs like divide A, welfare, etc. They actually come here for a better prosperity for them and their families even though this may cause them to be far off from them.