Saturday, March 30, 2019

Understanding Young Adult Footwear Shoppers in India

Understanding youthfulness Adult Footwear Shoppers in IndiaExecutive SummaryA universe can be judged by the office he wears. Footwear at pass is much much(prenominal) than just an constitutional quit of ones attire it helps the innovational day consumer make his or her unusual(p) lifestyle statement. This ruminate was with with(p) to squander the stairsstand the footgear preferences was dissimilar categories of footgear and to netherstand the footgear obtain behaviour. The objective of the study was to member young adult footwear shoppers into unique footwear shop druthers sort outs and to develop a profile for severally separate with respect to footwear benefits sought, importance of ancestry attributes, patronage way and demographics. To start with, a secondary research was done to gain a broad go outing of the footwear manu featureure in India, in occurrence footwear sell, and the modern Indian consumer. In-depth interviews of 10 young adults from metros, both males and females, were conducted to mystify forth at the parameters apply in the evaluation of footwear, footwear sell neckcloths and a worry to understand general footwear usage and leveraging behavior. This understanding and the parameters arrived at were then use in formulating a questionnaire consisting of 60 line items which was administered through online surveys. A summate of 100 responses were achieved of which 85 were get a great responses. The data of the complete responses was then analyzed through frequency distributions, factor analysis and clomp analysis. Factor analysis helped to reduce the number of variables to 8 factors. On the tail of these 8 factors, the 85 respondents were distinguishified into 3 clusters with unique shop orientations. The will of this study can be helpful to footwear retailers in customizing their merchandising, dis con, and former(a) store attributes kindred space and availability of mirrors to gain maximum store loyalty and patronage.IntroductionFootwear is much to a greater boundary than just an integral part of ones attire while on the one extreme, it helps the modern day consumer make his or her unique lifestyle statement, it a uniform helps enhances the mathematical process of athletes and frisksmen at the new(prenominal) extreme.A brief history of footwear unrivaled of the start-off things make by our primitive ancestors was foot c overing. It was primarily used to comfort themselves from burning sand, rocks and rugged terrain. Records show that distinct civilizations like Egyptian, Chinese and some new(prenominal) early civilizations, all contained reference to property. It is in any case mentioned in the Bible. The Hebrews overly used it in binding a bargain (Shoe History, 2009).The kickoff form of get dressed consisted of a simple piece of plaited grass or rawhide which was strapped to the feet. During early condemnations, sandals were the nigh common sheath of fo otwear. In Mesopotamia, during 1600 1200 BC, a particular quality of shoes were used. They were soft and made of wraparound welt.Up to almost 1850, the method of making shoes was the comparable as that in 14th century B.C. in Egypt. break tools were used. Shoes were absolutely straight. There was no difference between the skilful and left shoe (Shoe History, 2009).In 1845, the first shape that found a permanent place in the shoe manufacturing persistence was invented- the Rolling machine. In 1846, a sewing machine was invented. In 1875, a machine was certain which later came to be known the Good yr rebuke Sewing Machine (Shoe History, 2009). condom heels for shoes were patented in on January 24, 1895 by Humphrey OSullivan. These rubber heels on shoes outlasted the lash heels then in use (The History of Shoes, 2009).Keds were first mass- groceryed in 1917 (The History of Shoes, 2009). They were positioned as canvas- ply tennis shoes. These were officially the first sneak ers. The word sneaker was coined by Henry Nelson McKinney, an advertising agent. This was because the rubber sole made the shoe stealthy. All former(a) shoes, barring a few exceptions like moccasins, made noise when a person walked. Hence you could sneak on anyone clothing Keds.Since the middle-20th century, the type of shoes macrocosm created has changed considerably comp bed to the traditional crafting techniques. This is due to advances in b hold backables, rubber, synthetic cloth, plastics and industrial adhesives. Leather, even though is hitherto used in expensive dress shoes is no longer really used in athletic shoes. Soles, which were once hand stitched, atomic number 18 now machine stitched or simply glued on.A century ago, if a lot of effort was put in, a person might pass on been able to produce a few pairs of shoes. Today, willing Toe Laster for Good year Welt shoes can produce 1200 pairs in an 8-hour day (Shoe History, 2009).Footwear industry in IndiaIndustry overviewThe Indian footwear and trounce industry is amongst the top-10 inappropriate exchange earners. It is also amongst the top-12 focus manufacturing orbits in the country if we consider it in scathe of competitiveness and untapped potential.The worlds largest footwear manufacturer is China. Next is India. India producs 16 billion pairs noticeing for 13% of global footwear production. India produces 2065 one million million million pairs of different categories of footwear (leather shoe uppers 100 million pairs, non-leather footwear 1056 million pairs and leather footwear 909 million pairs). India exports just 115 million pairs of footwear. Almost 95% of the production goes into meeting the domestic demand.Nearly 15 percent of Europes spark advance mugs outsource their footwear, app bel and fashion accessories purchases from India. Indias domestic footwear foodstuff is off exterminate than former(a)s around the world primarily because of abundant raw materials, low hail of production and a huge consumption market.Indias major importers for Indian leather productsCountrySh atomic number 18 (%)Germany14.12Italy12.82UK11.48USA9.98Hong Kong6.61Spain6.09France6.14Netherlands4.13UAE2.38Australia1.55Total75.30The 10 countries mentioned above narration for close to 75.30% of Indias total leather products export.More than half of the Indian footwear market comprises of gents footwear. This is contrary to the world replete(p) trend. The worlds major production is in ladies footwear. Hence, in India there is immense scope in the womens segment. In the nonunionized sector, more than than 80 percent of the gross revenue happen in the mens segment. entirely this is might change soon.The footwear industry is extremely labor intensive- 90% of its production comes from SMEs (small and medium enterprises). There are in excess of 42,000 much(prenominal) SME units, there are primarily concentrated in two provinces in Uttar Pradesh up north and in Tamil N adu down south. They are also put forward in Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Punjab. Agra, Ranipet, Kanpur, Ambur, Jodhpur and Kolhapur are also traditionally illustrious centers of excellence in the production of leather and footwear.In the last pentad years, footwear production in the country has ontogenesisd by close to 60%. Out of this, the inelegant areas consume 75% of the footwear production. It has arrive a necessity product there since till now, they experience been majorly strip of its usage.The Footwear sector has now been de-licensed and de-reserved. This has paved the way for expansion of capacities on modern lines using state-of-the-art machinery. In order to assist this mathematical process further, the Government has permitted 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) through automatic route for footwear sector. Categorization or course of actionification of footwearThe Indian footwear market, in terms of quality offerings, has four main segments1. The crack premi um end- comprises the best of global luxury carrys2. The high-end or premium3. The mid/ preservation ranges- comprises of formals, functional, casuals and party wear4. The low-priced mass range- includes leather and plastic strapped slippers, as utility wearaside from this, the genuine active activewear segment with different price ranges also exists.The volume share of the economy/mid range has reduced. It was 61% in 2006-07. It has come down to 53%. The active sports-wear segment has increased its share from 7% to 9.6%. Premium leather and premium non-leather segments digest both seen a rise from 7% and 3% in 2006-07 to 7.3% and 3.5% respectively in 2007-08. The super premium luxury segment has a 0.08% market share. In terms of sales jimmy, this is a real significant number.Also there are four major categories of footwear1. Sports footwear2. Semi-formal or casual footwear3. Formalwear4. value footwearThe Indian footwear market mainly consists of casual wear. It occupies nea rly two-thirds of the total footwear retail market. The former(a) sub-segment that is doing well is the brand activewear segment. It is estimated to be close to Rs. 1,000 crore. The main players in this space consist of reebok, Adidas and Lotto. Compared to other segments, this segment is growing fast in terms of the number of outlets. Apart from footwear, these outlets also sell garment.Major players in Indian footwear industryThe top domestic and premium brands in India consist of1. Action It has a pan Indian presence. It consists of ninefold branded outlets (MBOs), 135 liquid ecstasy branded outlets (EBOs). It commands a total of 175,000 comforting feet retail space.2. Bata It is a household conjure up in India. It was the brand that made branded footwear popular. Bata India Limited manufactures and markets heterogeneous types of footwear, leather and footwear components. Apart from these, the company markets products related to footwear, garments, accessories, sports goods and other merchandise. Batas sub-brands consist of Dr Scholls, Hush puppies, Bubblegummer and Power. Till the first quarter of 2009, Bata India had 1,293 outlets. Bata India is soon feeling to affect out towards course I Tier II cities.3. Khadims Currently, it has over 329 outlets. The area under it is approximately 148,000 square feet retail space. It is sit in 22 cities crosswise India.4. Liberty After Bata, it is arguably the most popular domestic brand. It is the wholly Indian company among the worlds top 5 leather footwear manufacturers. It has EBOs as Revolutions and Liberty. Revolutions provides footwear, travel accessories, watches, leather accessories, sun-glasses and jewellery Its sub-brands consist of Footfun, Force 10, Senorita, Gliders, Tiptopp, Windsor, Coolers, June, Warrior and Perfect. Liberty has 360 EBOs, 40 Shop-in-shops and 150 distributors. It services 6000 MBOs. The total retail space under it is 1.26 million square feet.5. Metro, Mochi These are two brands from Metro Shoes Ltd. They were launched in 1977 and 2000 respectively. It consists of over 85 EBOs and 76 MBOs. The retail space under it is 131,000 square feet. It is present in 32 cities.6. Pavers England It stated in India in early 2008. It was launched in Reliance stores. It is a Chennai based brand. It operates 40 MBOs.7. Red Tape This brand belongs to Mirza International. It was launched in 1996 in the domestic market. It started its exclusive retail trading operations in 2006. By end-2008 it had 10 company-owned EBOs, 50 franchise-owned EBOs and also 135 Shops-in-shops.8. Sreeleathers It was established in 1950. It is a very strong brand in eastbounden India. It has 5 company-owned EBOs and 28 franchise-owned EBOs.9. Woodland It is looking to enter the junior and kidswear segment. It is also looking at apparels handicraft very optimistically. It hopes that this business will contribute to half of its total sales in India. It operates 250 EBOs in India.1 0. Lilliput It is a leading brand in kids footwear. By the end of 2008, it had 250 EBOs and also 100 shop-in shops.11. MB Footwear It has 2 in-house brands, viz ID and Mercell. It has been operating for more than 21 years. It has tie-ups with brands like lee side Cooper. By the end of 2008, it had 32 EBOs and also 11 shop-in-shops.International brands in India1. Adidas It is one of the biggest companies in the sports goods category. This nramd has acquired Reebok. It now consists of 3 brand divisions Adidas, Taylormade-Adidas golf and Reebok. Adidas brand focuses on sports. It offers footwear, apparel and hardware in three divisions which include sport heritage, sport performance, and sport style.The sport performance division focuses on the hardcore sports player.The sport heritage division focuses on the casual sports man.The sport style division focuses the fashion- intended consumers.The Reebok brand focuses more on style.Adidas entered India in 1977. It operates more than 450 EBOs. It has 340,000 square feet retail space. It claims a 20% market share in the active sports segment.2. Lotto It currently has 10 flagship EBOs in India. It has plans to increase it to 100 by the end of 2010. It is present in 30 Indian cities.3. Nike It has 107 EBOs in India4. Guess (Premium) It was launched in 2005 by Planet retail in India. It operates 19 EBOs and one shop-in-shop.5. Carlton London (Premium) It currently operates 10 EBOs. It has 50,000 square feet retail space in India. It is concentrated in conglutination India. It has plans to open up new stores in metros and in Tier I cities.MBO sellers1. Planet Sports It has 39 outlets and a retail space of 73,000 square feet. It is present in 21 cities across India.2. Provogue It was launched in 2005. It consists of 55 EBOs and also 15 shop-in-shops.3. Reliance Footprints It is a division of Reliance sell Ltd. It started its operations in 2007. It currently operates 14 MBOs. It offers global brands like Ecc o, Geox, Josef Siebel, Rockport, Florsheim, Hush Puppies, Lee Cooper and Clarks, Piccadilly, Dr. Scholls, Levis, Crocs, Disney among others. Apart from these, it sells handbags as well as accessories.4. Shoe grind It is a value format. It offers huge variety of footwear for a wide age groups. It started its operations in Ahmedabad in 2006. It is present in 16 locations and has a retails space of 48,000 square feet across 8 cities.5. The Blues It is an exclusive licensee of major global brands like Corneliani (2006), Versace Collection (2005), VJC Versace Jeans Couture (2008), Cadini (2005), Versace (2008). By the end of 2008, it had 6 franchised EBOs, 3 shop-in-shops and also one MBO.Emergence of modern Indian retailIntroductionIn 2007, the Indian retail sector stood at $350 billion. It was predicted to increase to $427 billion by 2010 and $635 billion by 2015 (Morierty, 2007).Many Indian business houses are entering or have already entered this sector. The food and grocery stor e sector is turning out to be a major contributer to this guinea pig. however though it started slowly, it is now growing at a feverish pace.The other forms of retail have also evolved consistently. With the huge business houses entering into this business, the field has conk extremely competitive between them. This is one sector that is looking to explode in the near culmination(prenominal).Today, mega Indian business houses and corporate like the Future Group of Kishore Biyani (Food Bazaar), Reliance Group of Mukesh Ambani (Reliance unclouded Reliance Hyper), ITC Ltd (Choupal Fresh Choupal Saagar), Wadhawan Holdings (Spinach), RPG Group (Spencers Retail), the Aditya Birla Group (More), Subhiksha, the Godrej group (Natures Basket Godrej Aadhar), J Raheja group (Hypercity), etcetera are driving the forays into retail through different models like single-format, multi-format or integrated urban-rural model. (Sengupta, 2007)However, the development of the Indian retail space has been a long and ardous journey. Let us have a brief look at how the sector as a whole has evolved over the years.HistoryIt is popularly assumed that with the opening of the Indian economy in the early 1990s, the retail sector started opening up. This is when all the supermarkets and hypermarkets came into existence. However, the types of retail formats have existed in India since 1970s.In 1971, Nilgiris was set up in Bangalore. It was what one could popularly refer to as the face of modern Indian retail. It was a supermarket. Since then, a lot of other business houses/ entrepreneurs have entered this sector. A few went national while a majority of them were restricted to a local scale. Popular among them were Trinetra from Hyderabad (now part of the Aditya Birla Group), Foodworld from Chennai, shore Free from Kerala among others. A few others like Stop Shop from the TVS group in South India and Nanz in North India have shut down.In 1947, when India got independence, the per c apita income was very low. People could not really afford any type of luxuries. Majority of them managed to live by getting their basic necessities. The main type of retail format prominent during those days was the mom-and-pop (kirana stores). They were run by individuals. The other format was the Bazaar. This trend continued up to the 1960s. Even post that, when supermarkets like Nilgiris opened up, the trend continued (Sengupta, 2007).It was during the 1990s and 2000s that this trend gradually changed. The growth story of the modern retail format in India is the early part of this millennium can be divided into 4 phases.Phase 1This phase is characterised between 2002 and 2004. practically of new entrants into the market were driving the top line growth.Phase 2This phase is characterised between 2004 and 2006. The consumers were getting more and more aware of the possibilities that this retail growth could mean for them. They started demanding more and more variety in the organiz ed retail formats.Phase 3 daub 2006, the retailers realized that in order to distinguish themselves, they would have to strengthen their back-end activities. The front line end of almost all retail outlets were more or little the same. The thing that distinguished them from the rest were activities like inventory control, turnover time etc.Phase 4This phase has been in progress since 2007. The retail players are in the process of consolidating their operations.(Srivastava, 2009)Organized retail is moving from being a novel experiment to an judge back-end innovation and scale make water up (Srivastava, 2009). Indian retail storyFirst some facts (Srivastava, 2009)* The retail industry employs almost 21 million people* The Kearney study undertaken in 2006, ranked India 5th among 30 developing countries in the Global Retail Development index finger* The study projects that India will overtake Russia and China to capture the number one destination for foreign direct investment in r etailIndia has over 12 million retail outlets. Out of this, about 95% of the outlets are less than 500 square feet (Srivastava, 2009).If we compare Indian retail with other countries, we see that the number of traditional retail outlets is stable very huge.In 2005, US had about 15% traditional retail outlets and 85% organized retail outlets. India had 97% traditional outlets and however 3% organized retail outlets (Srivastava, 2009).(Srivastava, 2009)The organized retail in India is still at a very nascent stage. The opportunity for growth is enormous.Even though speciality stores in India are gaining prominence, almost 90% of all future(a) retail development is predicted to be malls. The Indian consumer wants everything in the same place.One more trend that is being seeing is the marriage of retail and entertainment. Lots of multiplexes are opening up at malls. In fact, this seems to be the future trend. Sand alone places might not attract the crowd that such mergers could. Als o, facilities like book stores, coffee shops, food courts etc. are being developed at these places.The major distinguishing factor of malls in India is that they have a mix of high-value items as well as mass branded items at the same place. In comparison, other countries have speciality malls. They either are of the high-value kind boutiques or the mass category.India has the highest shop slow-wittedness in the world. It has about 11 shops per 1000 people. This adds to one shop per 20-25 families (Srivastava, 2009). However in cities, this density is much higher.If we look at the money spent on various facilities, the urban-rural difference make outs very evident. About 33% of entertainment spends come from rural areas as opposed to 67% from urban areas. As opposed to this, when we conversation about more basic necessities like food, clothing and footwear, over 60% comes from rural areas.(Srivastava, 2009)If we look at the share of the various things that are change in the orga nized retail, we find that apparels and accessories is the maximum at 38%, footwear is at 9%, while others like mobile phones, books etc. are at 3% each (Srivastava, 2009).(Srivastava, 2009)Retail formatsBoth traditional as well regional retails constitute footwear retail market space. on with these, new players like The Loft and pulverization outlets also constitute this space. These are category killers. The Loft offers over 130 brands, all under the same roof. It has completely revolutionarized the industry. In Mumbai, The Loft store has an area of 18,000 sq feet and also offers other services to the customers enhancing their experience. Factory outlets have also changed the industry. Pantaloon Retails Brand Factory, Reliance Footprints, exclusive Retail of the Landmark Group, and The Loot, are all offering a multiple footwear brands.1) HypermarketThis format of stores has seen a huge growth in India. virtually of the stores in this format are making money. The costumers find it very palmy as they can get almost all their daily necessities like food, clothing, shoes, utensils, home appliances, durables etc. under one roof. It is like a one stop shop for all necessities.2) Departmental Store alike(p) to hypermarkets, these shops also offer all the requirements under one roof. The difference is that these outlets have a more luxurious setting. The Indian consumer likes the idea of shopping in a better way with entertainment, novelty, variety and an international setting, all under one roof.3) Single brand/ Stand Alone OutletAs the name suggests, these outlets consist of whole one brand. They are generally run by the brand itself or are run as franchisee. The consumers do not have much choice here in terms of the number of brands but, generally, most of the variety of items, even the rare ones, of the brand are present here.4) Multi-Branded OutletA huge variety of brands are present here. The consumer has a wide array of brands to choose from. The only bunkback of such outlets is that only the popular items of a brand are present here. So if a consumer has a very specific requirement, he/ she might not be able to find the item here.5) Factory OutletA factory outlet is a retail store where the manufacturer sells his brand flat to the customer. The store might have a warehouse attached to it. The biggest expediency of such stores is that there are no middle men. Hence the end customers get the brands at a very low cost. They are also called Best Saving Outlets.Footwear retailAT Kearneys eigth annual GRDI (Global Retail Development Index) in 2009 ranked the Indian retail sector as the most attractive emerging market for investment. Indian retail market is the fifth largest retail destination globally.In the footwear retail market, only 5.9 percent of Indias total retail market is organized. This comes to Rs. 13,300 billion. The total footwear retail market stands at Rs. 160 billion. Out of this, 48.4% of the footwear retail market is organized and is dominated by brands. The Indian Retail report of the year 2009 maps the growth of the organized retail since 2004. The findings indicate that compared to the other retail categories, footwear category has grown at a much faster pace. In 2004-05, only 25% of the footwear retail sector was organized. In 2009, it grew to 48.4%. The general retail market share in the organized sector has only increased from 3% to 5.9% in the corresponding time frame.Emerging trendsThe performance of the footwear market is forecasted to accelerate with an anticipated CAGR of 10.2% for the five-year period 2008-2013. This is expected to contain the market to a value of $5,791.4 million by the end of 2013. Comparatively, the Chinese market will increase with a CAGR of 8.3%. (Singh, 2009)The organized retail sector is also seeing many changes. This sector occupies about 5% of Indian retail market. Large format stores and branded retail stores are coming up. This trend was first seen in South India and now in North India, West India and East India in the next couple of years. The retail sector is also opening its operations in Tier II cities like Gurgaon, Noida, Kochi etc. A market research report Booming Retail Sector in India predicts that Indian organoized retail sector will reach US$ 50 billion by 2011. This study was carried out by RNCOS. The number of shopping malls is also set to increase between 2007 and 2015 by a CAGR of 18.9%.The Indian consumerOn the World Map, India is placed 5th in the list of consumer markets of the world. Improved communication systems and the depiction to popular international brands has brought about a huge difference in the cities. People have become more indulgent. They want to acquire more and have also become very ambitious.According to a McKinsey report, the size of the Indian consumer market is expected to grow 4 times by 2025. This report is aptly entitle The rise of Indian Consumer Market. The youth population in India i s huge. 33% are below 15 years of age. The consumer spending has increased as the disposable income among the youth has increased. The consumer spending in India has increased by 75% in the last 4 years. The share of wallet for products like footwear, clothes, transport, entertainment, education, medical services, trapping and renting etc. has increased significantly.In fact, the Indian middle class has also started consuming luxury goods like air-conditioners and cars. The Indian demographic profile is changing rapidly. The upper class is growing much quicker than the get class. The deprived class is shrinking. The middle class is expected to touch 28 million by 2010. One third of the total middle class population will be from the rural areas.Lifestyle category goods are expected to be the future. With the increasing number of working women and fashion conscious males, they will look for a better quality of life. The Nielsen Retail Index 2007 reveled that consumers are switching to branded products. Also due to impulse tainting by young consumers with disposable income, brands like Reebok and Adidas saw their semi-urban and rural sales increase by more than 70%.According to Kishore Biyani (Biyani, 2007), the typical Indian consumer can be classified as followsThe serving class consists of 55% of the population. This indicates that the retail outlets should target this group as well instead of mainly targeting the consumer class, which consists of only 14% of the population, as it currently does (Tripathi).Literature Review Indian footwear consumerThe basic understanding of fashion and change in consumer perceptions has presumption a huge boost to the footwear industry. There is more exposure for Indians due to global travel and media penetration. The new retailing formats and distribution systems have capitalized on this. Branded footwear from overseas has become popular. Of course, the cost for the consumer is still a concern, due to which even the inter national brands have had to bring down their prices drastically in order to achieve break-even sales.Comfort is very crucial for the Indian footwear consumer. The branded and organized sector has taken gain of this. However, the awareness about more specialized products like performance enhancing and physical fitness assisting is still very low in India compared to other South East Asian countries. This could increase with time. Also, the young working population is seeing a shift in preference to international trends and lifestyles.One more fact is that women buyers buy more frequently compared to their male counterparts. About 29% women go shopping at least once every quarter. Men account for about 19% of the total purchases of that segment (Indian Retail Report, 2009).As per a study on how consumers divide their wallet spends, about 44% of the urban Nupscale (short for Nielsen Upscale, based on the usage of 12 consumer durable products by the consumers households) buy mens foo twear. 41% buy womens footwear. The average annual spend on the products is Rs. 2318 and Rs. 1336 respectively. This study was conducted by Images- AC Neilsen.Women had a role to play in the purchase of mens footwear (26% women to 56% men). Men had a bigger role to play in purchase of womens footwear (34% males to 51% females). Men spent more lavishly on footwear irrespective of whether they were buying for themselves or others or gifting. Males spend on an average Rs 2,459 in a typical year on purchase of mens footwear and Rs 1,428 on purchase of womens footwear. Comparatively, women spend on an average Rs 1,875 on mens footwear and Rs 1,265 on womens footwear in a typical year (Indian Retail Report, 2009).Research articlesShopping taste in the Evolving Indian Market, a research article by Piyush Kumar Sinha, attempted to understand shoppers from their disposition towards shopping. This was very useful because it has been noted that the differences between retailers are not really significant in terms of the value they deliver. The study managed to bring out the shopping orientation of the Indian shoppers. It said that emotional value matters more than the functional value while shopping. They are also more oriented towards the entertainment value. Based on this orientation, 300 shoppers were divided into 2 segments Fun shoppers and Work shoppers. These two segments had different demographic and behavioral profile. This orientation was primarily affected by the frequency of buying, type of store, and to some extent by the SEC (socio-economic classification). These findings were finally used in order to draw implications for store format, merchandising and pricing (Sinha, 2003).A Typology of raiment Shopping Orientation Segments among Female Consumers, segmented female apparel shoppers into unique apparel shopping orientation groups. It then developed a profile for each segment by taking into consideration the information sources, lifestyle activities, impor tance of store attributes, demographics and patronage behavior. Then by using cluster analysis of apparel shopping orientation factors, three groups were identified1) Highly Involved Apparel Shopper2) Apathetic Apparel Shopper3) Convenience-Oriented Catalog ShopperThey were further compared through MANOVA (multivariate analysis of variance) and chi-square statistics. The results indicated that shopping orientations are a base for segmenting female apparel shoppers. These groups are unique in consumer buying characteristics.They include* 3 factors of information sources ( personal manner Publications, Store Fashion Service/Promotion and Mass Media)* 5 factors of importance of store attrib

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