Friday, May 31, 2019

The Chechen Wars Essay -- Islam in the North Caucasus 2014

From Western audiences, Chechnyawhether as an autonomous oblast, a sovereign state, or a war zonehas never received much consideration. Just one of dozens of ethnic groups within Russia who have declared since the end of the Soviet Union their right to self-rule and self-determination, the Chechens struggle for independence was drowned out(a) in the cacophony of calls for independence during the 1990s. However, in a world so greatly affected by the events of September 11, 2001 and given the role of Chechen breakaway groups in bombings of Russian apartment buildings in 1999 (which killed more than 300) and the hostage-taking of a Russian theater in 2002 (which resulted in the deaths of 130 Russians and 30 rebels), the rhetoric of Islamic fundamentalism and the linguistic process of terrorism has brought the Chechen people to the forefront of international concern (Trenin & Malashenko, 2004, p. 45). Yet the roots of the conflict in Chechnya, which have spurned two wars with the Russian fusion over the past two decades, are defined neither by terrorist activities or the Islamists who have recently come to typify the most virulent of the independent rebels rather, the origin is in the centuries long forging of a group that has faced common persecution from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Russian Federation. Ethnicity compounded with a new speech pattern on fundamentalist religious ideology has greatly complicated a struggle that has benefited the economic and political interests of groups as disparate as elected officials, criminal offence bosses, business leaders, and international governments (Politkovskaya, 2003). War has wrought the economic and social collapse of Chechnya and simultaneously embarrassed a Russia giant whose parti... ...thcaucasus.pdf Jaimoukha, A. (2005) The Chechens A Handbook. New York Routledge.Meier, A. (2005). Chechnya To the Heart of a Conflict. New York W. E. Norton & Company.Nikolaev. Y. V., Ed. (2013). The Chechen Tragedy Who is to Blame? Cormack, New York Nova Science Publishers, Inc. (March 19, 2013)Oliker, O. (2001). Russias Chechen Wars 1994-2000. Washington RAND.Politkovskaya, A. (2003). A Small Corner of Hell Dispatches from Chechnya. University of Chicago adjure Tishkov, V. (2004). Chechnya Life in a War Torn society. Berkeley, California The University of California Press.Trenin, D. V. & Malashenko, A. V. (2004). Russias Restless Frontier The Chechnya Factor in Post-Soviet Russia. Washington Carnegie Endowment for Peace.http//onlinelibrary.wiley.com/inside/10.1002/j.1538-165X.2005.tb01379.x/abstract

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