Sunday, April 7, 2019

British Politics and Society Essay Example for Free

British Politics and Society EssayBetween 1947-51, there was a considerable microscope stage of economic recovery from the severe crisis of 1945-57. Nationalisation of reveal industries, and creation of the welfare state Ernest Bevins work as the unusual Secretary ensured continuation of special kind with USA and the formation of NATO After losing power in 1951, labour only had two terms until Tony Blairs landslide victory in 1997 History of British political relation society between 1951 1997 was framed by Attlees govt and the beginning of Blairs administration. Trends Developments 1951 1973 sustained periods of employment relative popularity the long lieu- state of war blast 1973 1979 oil price crisis 1979 1990 Thatcherism, industrial unrest, and privatisation of nationalised concerns. Post-war years= extensive social cultural change, with emergence of a young person culture, the advance of women, vast developments in the mass media the growth of multiculturali sm.Politics Govt 1951-64 was marked by dominance of maintain Tory govts under Churchill, Eden Macmillan Between 1964 79, it was a period of mainly Labour govts under Wilson Callaghan, interrupted by Tory govt, under heathland 1970 4. 1979 97 era of Thatcherite conservatism During those years Labour fell into decline repayable to internal divisions and the formation of SDP 1969 98 problems of security in N.IrelandForeign Affairs Period marked by slow uneven retreat from empire, with further decolonisation. Continuance of cold war enhanced Britains special relationship with USA , whilst relationship with Europe grew more complex Britain joined EEC 1973Section 1 Dilwyn doorman that of a post-war consensus that the sense of national unity, which developed during and because of Peoples War was continued and consolidated by Attlees giving medicationbequest of war years Post-war consensus after WW2 Attlee, Churchill Eden worked to thwarther in war time coalition premenstrual syndrome until Wilson in 1964 fought in WW1 Tony Blairs background fitted in with Tory mould as well or even emend than Heath Right-winged Tories argued that continuation of Attlee legacy was a tragic socialistic mistake Left-winged Bevanites argued Atlee legacy not socialist enoughPolitical Tensions labour was subjected to a series of intense internal divisions and personality clashes throughout post war history post war labour didnt move with the post war consensus west Germany 1959, see turning point when SPD reformed and dropped Marxist ideology for modernisation and democracy Thatchers victorful rebellion against Heath in 1975 marked the conservative party s shift from the post war consensus Thatchers election success marked the degree of part divisionsPolitics Tories could hardly be called right winged in the mid-fifties Both Churchill and Eden made radical movements to alter the relationships between the government and the trade unions Steel exertion was denationalised i n 1953 No attempt to reverse what the labour government had done between 1945 51 Macmillan government did more to consolidate the post war consensus than to challenge it 1959 Macmillans government continued to follow centrist policies scotch Policy continuation of the post war consensus under the government was referred to as butskellism butler was a key figure in the conservative party (chancellor of exchequer) and was a serious contender for drawship in 1957 Butler clashed with Bevan over the costs of the NHS 1963 Gaitskell became leader of the labour party Gaitskell had open feuds about with the left wingers in his experience party especially over nuclear disarmament a key feature of butskellism was the ideas that Butler and Gaitskell had often more in common with each other than rival wings in their own partiesForeign Policy Foreign policy was a major element of the Attlee legacy and the post war consensus which was summed up as a commitment to maintain both the welfare st ate and national greatness An roll in the hay was the dissatisfaction of the alliance with the USA, and large scale commitments much(prenominal) as the independent nuclear war deterrent and anti soviet policies of the cold war Labour politicians were sensitive about the claims that the socialism was unpredictable and unreliable and they cute to prove the opposite Bevan had battle with the left wing and communists during the thirties Bevan was a supporter of Churchill and was proud of his successes such as the formation of NATO and wanted to keep their special relationship in good repair many a(prenominal) left wingers werent happy with the policies but were never able to do over turn them Post war consensus was put under strain due to the Suez crisis Macmillan read the lessons of the affair and was quick to mend bridges with the US Macmillans wind of change speech led the way to rapid decolonisation across Africa Macmillan applied to get Britain in the EEC which got declined due to De Gaulle Under the government of Wilson is when Britain was accepted into the EECThe significance of the 1964 The labour weigh made much of the theme of modernisation Public mood of expectancy in 1964 , reflected the sense that mid-sixties Britain was going through fundamental social and cultural change There was no change in political direction, in 1964 the labour governments under Wilson Callaghan succeed in carrying on with their radical promises Labours policies werent that different from what the conservatives would collapse done and there was emphasis on the economic modernisation Why were the labour governments between 1964 and 1979 otiose to achieve more success? When Harold Wilson came into power in 1964 optimism among the labour supporters was high, Wilson seemed to be a talented leader who had a wide support in the country

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